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Welcome to the Type 2 Diabetes Community!

  • photo Patrick Crisler
    Living with Type 2 Diabetes

    It's not the end of the world. It's a part of life. You just have to realize that yes, you can change your diet. Yes, you can affect your health, however you want to affect your health.

  • photo Laura Pacillo
    Living with Type 2 Diabetes

    It wasn't easy at first... but once I went through it, I realized that there's always a learning curve with everything, even a disease. And that's what I kind of saw with me. All of a sudden everything just clicked.

  • photo Jack Bartlett
    Living with Type 2 Diabetes

    Looking back at my own experience, having good information and taking care of yourself when you're young are very important. And by young, I mean it's crucial to start in your 30s or 20s. The older you are, the worse off the effects, and the harder it is to even begin to offset them.

  • photo Laura Pacillo
    Living with Type 2 Diabetes

    It wasn't easy at first... but once I went through it, I realized that there's always a learning curve with everything, even a disease. And that's what I kind of saw with me. All of a sudden everything just clicked.

  • photo Renee Camille Laguda, RN
    Expert

    More often than not, these unhealthy eating patterns equate to demotivation. We should instead encourage ourselves, especially when we have feelings of self-doubt. The kinder you are to yourself, the more able you will be to get back up from setbacks that can derail the whole process.

  • photo Diana Rangaves, PharmD
    Expert

    Managing your diabetes is an achievable goal that will ultimately enhance your long-term quality of life. Yes, you might find this challenging at first, but with determination and perseverance, the process will become more comfortable and routine with time.

  • photo Denise Parent, RN
    Expert

    Fiber is a carbohydrate that is not digested by the body, and does not cause blood sugar to rise. So, it makes sense to incorporate high fiber foods into dessert. It's perfectly reasonable to indulge, as long as you indulge responsibly!

  • photo Maria Marcano, MD
    Expert

    Exercising is another effective way to bring down blood sugar levels. It helps make cells more sensitive to insulin, which allows them to use more sugar and leave less glucose in the bloodstream.

  • photo Denise Parent, RN
    Expert

    Fiber is a carbohydrate that is not digested by the body, and does not cause blood sugar to rise. So, it makes sense to incorporate high fiber foods into dessert. It's perfectly reasonable to indulge, as long as you indulge responsibly!

Reviewed by Nicholas Yozamp, MD, Washington University in St. Louis

Type 2 Diabetes is a chronic disease where patients have excess sugar in their blood.

High blood-sugar levels (or "blood-glucose levels") are accompanied by insulin resistance; if you have Type 2 Diabetes, your cells have an impaired ability to detect the presence of insulin, a hormone that tells your cells to absorb sugar. Therefore, your cells can no longer take up sugar from your blood. Without sugar, cells have too little fuel to function normally and the sugar that is left in your blood may harm organs in the body, particularly the blood vessels in the heart, retina, kidneys, and nerves.

After many years, insulin resistance gives way to insulin deficiency (the pancreas cannot produce a sufficient quantity of insulin) so patients generally require more medications and sometimes need to start insulin injections. However, lifestyle changes can positively impact your condition!

Learn About Living with Diabetes

Reviewed by Nicholas Yozamp, MD, Washington University in St. Louis

Many patients do not have symptoms from diabetes, which explains why there is often a delay in diagnosis. Even in the absence of symptoms, patients may be screened for diabetes if they are overweight or obese, have a family history of diabetes, or have other risk factors.
Here are common symptoms of Type 2 Diabetes:

  1. No symptoms
  2. Symptoms of hyperglycemia - excessive thirst (polydipsia), excessive urination (polyuria), blurry vision, weight loss, fatigued

Rarely, these symptoms of hyperglycemia can be accompanied by confusion, abdominal pain, and other symptoms when blood sugars are severely elevated, as in diabetic ketoacidosis (DKA) or the hyperosmolar hyperglycemic state (HHS).

Get Support With A New Diagnosis of Diabetes

Reviewed by Nicholas Yozamp, MD, Washington University in St. Louis

A variety of treatment options exist for Type 2 Diabetes. Common baseline treatment options include lifestyle changes, such as a healthy diet and consistent exercise, and metformin, a prescription drug taken by mouth. Doctors prescribe any of several oral drugs, non-insulin injectable medications, or supplemental insulin (in the form of insulin pens, insulin syringes, and insulin pumps) on a case-by-case basis. These treatments help restore insulin levels or restore the ability of your cells to detect insulin. To receive feedback on the efficacy of lifestyle changes or medications, patients may be instructed to monitor blood sugar levels with a device.

Search & Explore Diabetes Treatments

Reviewed by Nicholas Yozamp, MD, Washington University in St. Louis

Every treatment you take for your diabetes went through a clinical trial. Research is the backbone of new innovation in diabetes care, and research breakthroughs are happening every day.
Some of the latest topics of research include understanding the genes behind diabetes, to understanding the impacts of lifestyle changes, to proving that a new drug lowers blood glucose levels for longer than ever before. On Caretalk, stay up to date on the newest discoveries and treatments, and learn how you can get involved with research!

Read the latest research & breakthroughs from scientists

Quick Facts about Type 2 Diabetes

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