The most common form of dementia, Alzheimer's Disease happens when brain cells and the connections between them weaken over time. These weakened connections are thought to result from the irregular build-up of two proteins in the brain called beta-amyloid plaques and tau tangles.Though there is a lot of variation in the different types of dementia, people with Alzheimer's often suffer from memory loss and depression in early stages of the disease. As the disease progresses, people begin to lose social and motor skills.Alzheimer's disease is generally diagnosed in people over 65 years old, and is more common in individuals with a family history of the disease or with another pre-existing condition (such as Type 2 Diabetes or cardiovascular disease).Learn About Living With Alzheimer's
Early Stages: Trouble remembering, Trouble carrying out day-to-day duties, Nervousness, Difficulty controlling emotions.
Middle Stages: Worsening of early symptoms, trouble communicating (writing, talking), loss of control over actions or mood, decreased ability to focus.
Last Stages: Increased trouble expressing oneself, difficulty keeping a steady weight, exhaustion, seizures, trouble eating.
Use our clinician-created tool below to see what stage of Alzheimer's Disease you or your loved one is at.
Several treatments exist that help improve symptoms of Alzheimer's Disease. A permanent cure has not been found, but clinical research is ongoing.There are five medications available that strengthen communication between brain cells. Exercise and intellectually engaging activities (such as listening to music and solving puzzles) have also been found to lessen symptoms in several studies.More research is being conducted on lifestyle-based treatments. For example, at last year's Alzheimer's Association International Conference (AAIC), blood pressure drugs were shown to significantly lower the risk for mild cognitive impairment (MCI), a pre-diagnostic state experienced before AD.Search, Explore, and Compare Alzheimer's Treatments
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Brigham and Women's Hospital 3/17/2020